健康与医学中的种族主义根源

健康和医学中的种族主义根源是什么?医学遗产图书馆已开始在我们的收藏中介绍历史文本的工作,以展示种族主义,健康差异,实验以及医学和比赛随着时间的推移交织的其他方式。

Early medical texts, particularly in the eighteenth through early twentieth centuries, increasingly focused on “differences” among humans or on diseases that seemed to specifically target certain races. Texts written by many Black authors, such as W.E.B. DuBois and his colleagues, worked to contextualize health issues in larger society, complicating racial stereotypes. Mid to late twentieth century texts, represented most often by government documents in our collection, attempted to give voice the deep problems surrounding race, medicine, and health. Themes of racial differences and disparities continue to haunt medicine and healthcare access today, and we hope we can help shed some light on this longer and darker history through these challenging primary sources.

请注意,其中一些文本可以在当今的上下文中令人攻击,使用语言,描绘图像和促进极为有问题的想法。

Title 作者 地方 日期 URL
三医学院黑医科学生研究 富兰克林,雷尼纳斯克 New Haven 1974 https://archive.org/details/studyofblackmedi00frankmedi0000fran.
黑人:非洲黑人的比较解剖学和心理学 Burmeister,赫尔曼,1807-1892 New York 1853 https://archive.org/details/101659610.nlm.nih.gov
在Negro的地方本质上 Hunt, James, 1833-1869 伦敦 1863 https://archive.org/details/b22269460/page/n1/mode/2up.
Ethnology of the negro or prognathous race : a lecture delivered Nov. 30, 1857, before the N. O. Academy of Sciences Cartwright, Samuel A. (Samuel Adolphus), 1793-1863 新奥尔良? 1857 https://archive.org/details/101168906.nlm.nih.gov
Prodromus towards a philosophical inquiry into the intellectual powers of the negro Binns,Edward,-1851 伦敦 1844 https://archive.org/details/b22371886.
西印度群岛奴隶制现状的实践观点:或者,考察斯蒂芬先生的“英国西印度殖民地的奴隶制:” 巴克莱,亚历山大 伦敦 1826年 https://archive.org/details/b2873841x
On the pigment of the Negro's skin and hair Abel, John Jacob, 1857-1938; Davis, Walter S New York 1896 https://archive.org/details/101484293.nlm.nih.gov.
在黑人的早期梅毒 Atkinson,I. Edmondson(Isaac Edmondson),1846-1906 1877 https://archive.org/details/101160988.nlm.nih.gov.
非洲比赛的问题 Colenso, Harriette Emily, 1847-1932; Simon, Sir John, 1816-1904 w 1897 https://archive.org/details/b22395842
Das Hirn des Negers Mit Dem Desangs und Orang-Outangs Verglichen Tiedemann, Friedrich, 1781-1861 海德堡 1837年 https://archive.org/details/b22010889.
Instincts of races Nott, Josiah Clark, 1804-1873 New Orleans 1866 https://archive.org/details/101310714.nlm.nih.gov.
黑色和混合种族的Nachash起源 Thompson,Charles Blancher,1814-1895 St. Louis 1860 https://archive.org/details/101220264.nlm.nih.gov
Des moyens de conserver la sante? des blancs et des ne?gres, aux Antilles ou climats chauds et humides de l'Ame?rique Bertin,Docteur. A Saint-Domingue ; et se trouve a Paris 1786 https://archive.org/details/2543050R.nlm.nih.gov
结核病的流行病学研究与especial reference to tuberculosis of the tropics and of the negro race Bushnell, George E. (George Ensigh), 1853-1924 New York c1920 (1922 printing) https://archive.org/details/studyinepidemiol00bushiala.
关于热额的骨骼的观察 威斯曼,杰弗里斯,1814-1874 波士顿? 1863 https://archive.org/details/101317109.nlm.nih.gov/mode/2up
Observations and researches on albinism in the negro race Jones,Joseph,(1833-1896) 费城 1869 https://archive.org/details/b22346843
The anular [i.e. annular] lesions of early syphilis in the negro 福克斯,霍华德,1873-1947 Wien 1912年 https://archive.org/details/b22438646
Hayti, or, The Black republic St. John, Spenser, Sir, 1826-1910. 伦敦 1884 https://archive.org/details/b24849868/page/n7/mode/2up.
Characteristic labor scenes among the yellow, black and red races Engelmann,George J.(George Julius),1847-1903 St. Louis? 1882 https://archive.org/details/101309801.nlm.nih.gov.
H.A博士。Ramsay致詹姆斯布莱恩博士的信,在南黑人等等 Ramsay, H. A; Bryan, James, 1810-1881 费城 1853 https://archive.org/details/101208951.nlm.nih.gov.
Contributions a la pathologie de la race nègre 炸锅 1865 https://archive.org/details/b30476161/page/n1/mode/2up.
人类的分类,由头发和头部的羊毛:回答Prichard的断言,“内格罗的头部的覆盖物是头发,正确所谓的,而不是羊毛”:在美国民族语料前阅读社会,1849年11月3日 布朗,彼得A.(Peter Arrell),1782-1860;Prichard,James Cowles,1786-1848 费城 1850 https://archive.org/details/9604111.nlm.nih.gov.
对温暖气候居民的医疗建议,在国内治疗中的所有疾病中,为新的定居者带来一些有用的提示,用于保存健康,以及预防疾病 Thomas, Robert, 1753-1835 Nassau, New-Providence 1794年 https://archive.org/details/9014489.nlm.nih.gov.
关于更常见的西印度疾病的一篇文章;以及该国家本身产生的补救措施:添加到其中,一些提示对管理层,&C.黑人 Grainger, James, 1721?-1766 伦敦 1764 https://archive.org/details/b30787154
种族混合物:在通婚和误区的研究 路透社,爱德华拜伦,1880-1946。 New York ; London 1931. https://archive.org/details/b29809617.
Physical differences between white and colored children hrdlic?ka,ales?,1869-1943, Washington D.C. 1898 https://archive.org/details/101492903.nlm.nih.gov
举报of the trustees, superintendent and resident physician, and other officers of the lunatic asylum, of the state of Georgia, from October 1st, 1887, to 1st October, 1888 格鲁吉亚州疯子庇护 Milledgeville,GA。 1888 https://archive.org/details/b30317447/mode/2up
TraitédelaCouleurde la Peau Humaine enGénéral;de celle des negres en partatulier,et de lamétamorphosed'une de ces couleurs en l'autre,Soit de Naissance,Soit Filterelment Le Cat,Claude-Nicolas,1700-1768 阿姆斯特丹[鲁昂] 1765 https://archive.org/details/b30537393_0002/page/n13/mode/2up.
Dissertatio secunda de sede et caussa coloris Aethiopum et caeterorum hominum. Albinus,Bernhard Siegfried,1697-1770 Leidae Batavorum 1737 https://archive.org/details/b30416942/page/n5/mode/2up
饮食研究参考了1895年和1896年阿拉巴马州内格罗的食物 Atwater, W. O. (Wilbur Olin), 1844-1907 Washington D.C. 1897 https://archive.org/details/b30472453.
关于黑人疾病的论述,因为它们发生在牙买加岛上:关于国家补救措施的观察 Thomson, James, fl. 1814-1820 Jamaica 1820年 https://archive.org/details/2574040r.nlm.nih.gov.
Negro American的健康和体质:亚特兰大大学方向上的社会研究报告:在1906年5月29日在亚特兰大大学举行的关于Negro问题第十一个问题的第十一个会议的诉讼程序。 Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 亚特兰大,乔治。 1906年 https://archive.org/details/healthphysiqueof00dubo.
Observations sur les maladies des negres : leurs causes, leurs traitemens et les moyens de les prévenir Dazille,Jean-Barthélémi,-1812 A Paris 1776 https://archive.org/details/b3054600x
Half a man : the status of the Negro in New York Ovington, Mary White, 1865-1951 New York ; London 1911年 https://archive.org/details/b29011279
Essai de Pathologie Ethnique:de l'checindure de la Race sur laFréquence,拉福纳·埃格西拉·雷维茨 Boudin,J. Ch。M.(Jean Christian MarcFrançoisJoseph),1806-1867 1862 https://archive.org/details/b30476148/mode/2up
Disease and race Jadroo 伦敦 1894 https://archive.org/details/b24400427/page/n5/mode/2up
由种族确定的人体教师:地址 Boas,Franz,1858-1942 塞勒姆,质量。 1894 https://archive.org/details/101313603.nlm.nih.gov
在黑人比赛中的一些明显特点,一般有关种族泥石的备注 约翰逊,约瑟夫Taber,1846-1921 New York 1875 https://archive.org/details/101664828.nlm.nih.gov/page/n1/mode/2up.
Thoughts on the original unity of the human race Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853 New York 1830年 https://archive.org/details/60410620r.nlm.nih.gov.
The doctrine of the unity of the human race examined on the principles of science 巴克曼,约翰,1790-1874 查尔斯顿,S.C。 1850 https://archive.org/details/60410160R.nlm.nih.gov
The vital equation of the colored race and its future in the United States Corson,Eugene Rollin,1855- 伊萨卡,N.Y. 1893 https://archive.org/details/101740252.nlm.nih.gov.
关于美国不同地区气候的气候观察:与其他大陆的相应部分中的气候相比:添加到其中,言论对人类的不同肤色;有一些美国原住民的描述:北卡罗来纳州历史介绍 Williamson, Hugh, 1735-1819 New York 1811 https://archive.org/details/2577024r.nlm.nih.gov.
In the heart of the New South : letter from Birmingham, Ala. Wendt,Edmund Charles,1857-1903 New York 1890 https://archive.org/details/101654911.nlm.nih.gov
Down in Dixie : a second Birmingham, Ala., letter Wendt,Edmund Charles,1857-1903 New York 1890 https://archive.org/details/101654905.nlm.nih.gov
黑色医生的治疗方法 科波伙伴;美国。卫生资源机会办公室 [凯悦州,MD。] 1979 https://archive.org/details/treatmentpractic00koba.
越过ovah':在美国东南部非洲裔美国人愈合的现象学检查 Anderson, LaLisa Alita 康涅狄格州纽黑文。 2001年 https://archive.org/details/crossingovahphen00ande.
Navy Medicine Highlights First African Americans In The Navy Medical Department U.S. Navy. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery 2013 https://archive.org/details/navymedicinehighlightsfirstafricanamericansinthenavymedicaldepartment.
关于非洲裔美国老年人的最终国家人口报告 美国。医疗保健融资管理;Helix Group,Inc [Oxon Hill, Maryland?] 2000年 https://archive.org/details/finalnationaldem00unit
Tobacco Advertising: African Americans https://archive.org/details/tobacco_ily27a00
关于静脉阴道瘘的治疗 Sims, J. Marion (James Marion), 1813-1883 费城 1853 https://archive.org/details/67130240r.nlm.nih.gov/mode/2up.

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